Microcosm and Mediator: The Theological Anthropology of Maximus the
One of the
outstanding Christian thinkers of all time, Maximus the
Confessor (ca. 580-662) exerted a powerful formative influence
on the Church when it was still one and undivided. Maximus left
his stamp on Christianity as it is now recognized by all three
broad streams of Christain faith: Eastern Orthodox, Roman
Catholic, and Protestant.
Yet for centuries
the detailed study of Maximus's writings was neglected. The
first edition of Thumberg's Microcosm and Mediator (1965)
helped to transform this situation of indifference into one of
intense interest in Maximus and the subtleties of his thinking.
This new edition has been revised and expanded, with updated
references and bibliographies.
The focus of
Microcosm and Mediator is Maximus's anthropology, his highly
developed general reflections on human nature. Maximus
understands man as, not only a being—a microcosm—who
reflects the constitution of the created universe, but also as a
being—a mediator—created in the image of God, who
task it is, in Christ, to reconcile the spiritual and the
sensible into one homogeneous unity.